Coronavirus Infection in Children

June 8th, 2020 healthwiki Child Health 0

The coronavirus outbreak has become a global problem, creating panic and concern all over the world. The pandemic has restricted movement, paralysed business and affected the economy in many countries including Bangladesh. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has declared it as a pandemic and global emergency.

Coronavirus is a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to severe respiratory distress. The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a very contagious disease and has claimed the lives of about half a million people worldwide.  COVID-19 started its journey from Wuhan, China and now has spread over 195 countries of the world. Bangladesh has recorded more than 60,000 confirmed cases and around 900 deaths so far.

The novel coronavirus can affect anybody, from neonates to adults. Fortunately, children are being less affected by it and their signs and symptoms are not exaggerated. Why are the children less affected is not so clearly known. The reasons might be that they might be exposed less, their receptor for viruses are less or they might have better immunity than adults and develop better antibodies.

Based on available evidence, children do not appear to be at high risk for COVID-19. Elderly people with comorbidity is more at risk. China conducted a research on 2,143 paediatric patients, among which two-third were suspected cases and the rest were laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 cases. About 4% of them were asymptomatic, 51% had mild illness and 39% had moderate illness. Boys and girls were equally affected. About 6% had severe illness compared to 18.5% of adults. They also found infants develop more critical manifestation then older children.

As it is a new virus we must wait for more information and explanation regarding children’s infection. Whatever may be the seriousness we have to prevent it and the steps of prevention are the same for everyone.

Frequent hand washing for at least 20 seconds with soap, using alcohol based sanitisers, maintaining social distancing, staying at home and avoiding touching the nose, mouth and eyes with unclean hands are imperative.

Having lukewarm water often and increased intake of vitamin C is also important. The use of proper masks while going out and proper disposal of used tissue papers after coughing or sneezing are important. It is better to avoid the consumption of raw or uncooked food.

By any means we must prevent/lower the community transmission and the best way to do that is to keep yourself at home. Do not come out of your home until it is very much essential. Social, religious or political gatherings must be halted and avoided. Public transportation should also be avoided.

It is important to not panic. Be cautious, be safe and make others safe by staying at home.

Author: Prof M Karim Khan

The author is a Professor of Paediatrics at Community Based Medical College, Mymensingh.
E-mail mmukkhan@gmail.com

Article By TheDailyStar.net

Long-term Care for Patients Recovered COVID-19

June 27th, 2020 healthwiki Health Resources 0

The COVID-19 is an ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2). As per the COVID-19 dashboard by the Centre for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University, as of 20 June 2020, above 8,685,046 cases have been reported in 188 countries and territories, resulting in more than 460,506 deaths; more than 4,270,000 people have recovered.

SARS-CoV-2 is a novel infectious agent and recovery from it has a steep learning curve since patients who have survived the COVID-19 infection continue to experience feelings of fatigue, shortness of breath and reduced exercise tolerance.

Small-scale studies conducted in Hong Kong and Wuhan, China, show that survivors face poorer functioning in their lungs, heart and liver.

The hospital authority of Hong Kong has been observing a group of COVID-19 patients for up to two months since they were released. They found about 50% of the 20 survivors had lung function below the normal range. Moreover, a study of blood samples from 25 patients, who recovered from COVID-19 in Wuhan, found that they had not fully recovered normal functioning regardless of the severity of their coronavirus symptoms.

According to the doctors at the Cedars-Sinai Medical Centre in Los Angeles, chronic cardiac complications could arise in patients even after recovery as a result of persistent inflammation.

Since there is not sufficient data regarding the after-effects of novel coronavirus infection, for clues on how COVID-19 may leave its mark, doctors and researchers are looking to the experience of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) which is part of the same family as the new coronavirus. Some survivors of the SARS suffered long-term effects years after they first got the disease.

Researchers in China analysed 25 SARS patients 12 years after they contracted the virus, contrasting their results with a control group not infected with SARS. They found that more than 50% of the recovered patients suffered another lung infection since their session with SARS and also had higher cholesterol levels. Also, half the patients had at least five colds in the previous year — a characteristic no one in the control group shared.

These data proved that the recovered SARS patients had a poor quality of life 12 years after recovery, and were susceptible to inflammation, tumours, glucose and lipid metabolic disorders as researchers wrote. A similar scenario might be seen in the case of COVID-19 recovered patients if precautionary measures are not taken.

Many experts suggest that breathing exercises can probably be advised to COVID-19 recovered patients in the hope of producing a short term benefit in the improvement of their breathing. As for nutritional support, consumption of fruits and vegetables every day should be advised, along with increased intake of high-quality protein to provide resources for the repair of muscles which will have been challenged considerably during the COVID-19 symptoms.

To improve the patient’s respiratory function, termination of smoking should be encouraged.

To improve mental health conditions, COVID-19 recovered patients should be advised to actively engage with mental health services, whether directly or via home-based approaches.

Additionally, a person just recovered should continue with the hygiene practices undertaken while s/he was in quarantine. Distance must be maintained from people around and immediate mingling is not advisable.

The writer works at Eskayef Pharmaceuticals Limited.

Md Ekhtear Mahmud

E-mail: ekhtearuap@gmail.com

Can Laser Hair Removal Help You Look Younger ?

May 8th, 2015 healthwiki Beauty 0

Whether they’re 20 or 50, all women want to look and feel like a million dollars. Thanks to advanced technology, there are numerous types of cosmetic procedures that can efficiently increase their general appearance. From dermabrasions and facial peels to plastic surgery and laser hair removal procedures, women can easily opt for their preferred type of treatment to look younger and feel more beautiful.

Laser hair removal is now one of the most popular types of aesthetic treatment in the US. This intervention can deal with unwanted hair from different parts of the body, thus helping women look a lot younger. What’s great about the procedure is that it is painless; no nicks, burns, or bums are involved, just silky soft skin.

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A closer look at the laser hair removal procedure

Laser hair removal is a cosmetic procedure that uses laser to eradicate unwanted hair from various areas on the body. The treatment involves using a laser beam which goes through the skin and localizes the hair follicle. Because of the laser’s intense heat the hair follicle is damaged, thus inhibiting hair growth. However, as much as we love the technology, some experts agree that the results are not permanent. For excellent results, women will have to undergo various treatments.

Laser hair removal is a non-invasive cosmetic intervention that can be use on any area of the body with hair (except the head). Some of the most common areas are the legs, bikini line, armpits, chin and upper lip. Some of the main advantages include:

  • Accuracy – coarse, dark hair can be attentively targeted without causing any damage to the surrounding skin
  • Speed – the procedure uses a device that emits laser pulses. One pulse takes a fraction of a second, and it treats various hair follicles at the time
  • Certainty – 90% of women who opt for this intervention claim that after 3-5 sessions they experience everlasting hair growth. In general, you may require 4 to 8 treatments for maximum results. These are performed every4 to 8 weeks based on the area of your body you want to treat.

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How to look younger with laser hair removal?

Just like men, women have hair all over their bodies. In some areas, the hair is not that thick, but it is present, such as on the face. How can a woman feel sexy with a moustache or sideburns? There are all kinds of treatments available to help you deal with this issue, although most of these are either incredibly painful or short-lived. Waxing, shaving, depilating, and electrolysis are well-known by women around the world. There’s one more treatment available and it is called laser hair removal. The intervention is far less painful than waxing, and the results are permanent.

Sometimes looking younger is all about having beautiful skin regardless of your age. There are women in their 40s who look like teenagers just because they know how to take care of their skin. Shaving damages the skin, not to mention that the hair grows back faster and thicker. A lot of women shave their armpits, chin and upper lip. Stop doing that right now! You’re destroying your skin’s pH.

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Shaving leads to irritations, and irritations lead to the appearance of zips and black spots. In time, wrinkles may materialize faster than you initially planned. And honestly, you don’t want to have imperfect skin with fine lines at 30. Laser hair removal is a treatment that doesn’t affect the complexion. You can forget all about pain and irritations, not to mention that after 6 sessions the hair will stop growing for good.

For many women laser hair removal is the kind of procedures that seems too good to be true. It is incredible that after 6 sessions the hair on your body will stop growing; but just because it sounds so good, it doesn’t mean the treatment doesn’t work. If you’re skeptic about trying out the procedure, you could at least get informed. Ask for a professional’s advice, check the web for more information and you will get all the answers that you need. A modern woman who wants to look younger and fresher would do anything for beauty. Considering laser hair removal is pain-free, what do you have to lose?

By Edward Francis and CosmeticSurgeryClinic.co.uk!

Berkeley Lake Dental

May 5th, 2015 healthwiki Dental 0

With the aim to improve smiles and oral health, Dr. Duc Huynh has been treating dental problems for a decade. He knows numerous approaches and techniques to treat dental issues and is completely committed toward giving people a healthy and beautiful smile. Having a lot of dental experience, Dr Huynh founded Berkeley Lake Dental in 2009, and started yet another journey toward providing healthy teeth and gums.

Dr. Huynh’ clinic has a peaceful and relaxing atmosphere and is equipped with state-of-the-art technology. Since the goal is to provide a comfortable environment to every patient, the trained and skilled staff of Berkeley Lake Dental makes sure that every complaint of a patient is catered and he receives maximum attention and care.

“I believe strong teeth, healthy gums, and attractive smiles are origins of one beauty and are the best qualities that everyone can possess. As a dentist, my primary goal is to provide those qualities to you,” says Dr. Huynh.

Being a full service provider, they offer wide-ranging oral care services and dental treatments. Their services include preventative care, gum disease treatments, implants, oral surgeries, cosmetic dentistry, root canal treatment, wisdom tooth extraction, teeth whitening, restorations, orthodontics, nitrous sedation, and a lot more.

Dentists and staff at Berkeley Lake Dental have expertise to provide all these services and treatments in an effective manner. While these services are advanced and of high quality, the goal of Dr. Huynh and his staff is to detect and treat dental problems efficiently. They are very particular about pre-treatment examinations and consider x-rays and screening of oral infections mandatory before opting for any dental treatment. All these examinations, diagnosis, and procedures are thorough, and they provide individualized care to every patient.

Thus, no matter how severe a problem is, dentists at Berkeley Lake Dental make every experience painless and comfortable for patients.

Behind the delivery of these wide-ranging and high quality services is the trained, attentive and skilled staff that focuses completely on patients, their health and comfort. They have a significant role in creating and maintaining a friendly and interactive ambience in the clinic and they make sure that every patient gets a comfortable experience on his every visit. Berkeley Lake Dental has a team of professionals who try to meet every dental need and provide every care and service that a patient deserves. In short, they work passionately toward meeting your dental requirements and your comfort, and constantly assert on maintaining oral hygiene.

Berkeley Lake Dental offers services in Norcross, Georgia. Their office address is:

4720 Peachtree Industrial Blvd

Suite 5102

Norcross, Georgia 30071.

Visit their office and experience a trouble-free dental treatment in a welcoming and friendly ambience.

Our Web Site: BerkeleyLakeDental.com

Our Facbook: BerkeleyLakeDental

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BerkeleyLakeDental

Plastic Surgery For Teens – It Can be Good for The Right Reasons

April 21st, 2015 healthwiki Teens Health 0

Plastic surgery for teens – it can be good for the right reasons

From getting accepted in society to relative safety issues, plastic surgery has become a popular trend among people of different age groups. The number of teens under 18 years old going for various types of cosmetic surgeries has grown from 60,000 back in ’97 to roughly 225,000 in 2003, according to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. A medical report that followed 8 years ‘worth of official information on teens reported that 18-year olds prefer interventions such as microdermabrasion and chemical peels. These are meant to boost their self-esteem by treating acne. Other common plastic surgeries are ear and nose surgery, laser hair removal, breast enlargement and reduction, liposuction and chin augmentation.

For the right reasons, plastic surgery can be good for teenagers. It’s natural for a child who was born with a birth defect or deformity in a visible place (e.g. face, neck, arms) to feel insecure. In this case, a reconstructive intervention to fix that deformity can do a lot of good to the child. Aside from boosting his self-esteem, it will also restore his confidence and help him fit better in a group of friends.

Teen plastic surgery – more common than you think
Nowadays, increasingly more teens choose to have plastic surgery. The American Society of Plastic Surgeons mentions that an average number of 75,000 procedures were done on patients with ages between 13 and 19 in 2012. The total number of minimally invasive interventions rose to 160,000 that same year. However, parents should be advised that not all teens are well-fitted for such an operation. Better yet teens must prove that they have emotional stability, and that they understand that even cosmetic surgery has limitations.

The ASPS warns parents and teens that plastic surgery is in fact a real operation. It does feature benefits but it with certain risks too. It is important to have realistic expectations and not believe that an intervention will do miracles. Procedures like liposuction for example, have visible effects on the body; but without exercise and a proper diet routine the patient will gain back the lost fat.

Undeniable benefits of plastic surgery
We can’t deny that a child who has a cracked lip or a broken nose after a tough baseball game requires plastic surgery to restore physical function, boost appearance and prevent uneven growth of the bone. However, the main problem arises when a teen wants a cosmetic intervention, a procedure to make him/her look normal, or better than normal. In this case, we have breast augmentation surgeries or nose jobs for aesthetic purposes.

A teenager who doesn’t feel comfortable in his/her own skin risks growing up with all sorts of insecurities. The fear of being bullied will lead to an introverted personality, and let’s face it; no parent wants their kid to grow up a loner. Whether we like to admit it or not, physical appearance matters a lot even if we’re talking about 16-year old kids. A cosmetic intervention can have a powerful impact on the life of your child, thus helping him integrate better.

As a parent, should I allow my 16-year old to undergo plastic surgery?
There’s no plain answer to this question, especially since plastic surgery is performed for various reasons. As a parent, you have to make a sensible decision. Does your teenage kid want to have a cosmetic intervention solely for aesthetic reasons? Does he have a malformation or birth mark that’s affecting his/her social life? In spite of the great benefits of plastic surgery, you should also be aware of the risk. Interventions such as liposuction and breast augmentation come with increased levels of risk, whilst microdermabrasion and peels are considered safer procedures because they don’t involve anesthesia and they’re not painful.

For the right reasons and in special circumstances, cosmetic surgery can have a positive effect on teens. A parent should know that regardless of the type, these interventions are risky. All of them pose some level of risk. Prior to making a decision, you should consult with a specialist. Only an experienced plastic surgeon will know what’s best for your teenage kid. Last but not least, get informed. The more you know about a certain procedure the better for the safety of your child.

By Edward Francis and CosmeticSurgeryClinic.co.uk!