Most Advanced Treatment For Sinusitis

May 30th, 2010 healthwiki

Sinusitis, an inflammation of sinus and nasal passage is increasing among the population by and by due to environmental pollution. Until recently, along with medication, various ablative surgeries were being performed to eradicate sinus pathology. But these surgeries have several complications that distort the nasal physiology and drainage of the sinuses. Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) is the most advanced method in the treatment of sinusitis that overcomes the obstacles and has good patient compliance.

Sinuses are air containing cavity in the bone of face and head that lighten the skull weight, helps in resonance in sound production; also have some protective action against body defense by secretion. When these sinuses are infected due to bacteria, virus, fungus, people experience headache, lethargy, loss of interest, running nose, pain in the face beside nose, nasal obstruction, occasional bleeding from nose etc.

90 percent sinusitis is due to bacterial infections and 10 percent may be due to infections spreading from upper gum or dental origin by anaerobic organisms.

Sinusitis may be of acute or chronic. In acute sinusitis there will be severe pain, fever and other constitutional symptoms. Treatments with medicine like appropriate antibiotics, analgesic, nasal decongestant, steam inhalation usually cure it. But when sinusitis becomes chronic and medicine fails to improve the condition, surgical manipulation will be needed.

Sinus washout is the commonly practiced treatment for chronic sinusitis. In addition to this, radical and ablative surgery of the nose and paranasal sinuses are also used to treat sinus pathology. Due to wider complication of these procedures, Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) has become as the most recent advancement in the management of the nose and paranasal sinus diseases.

FESS helps to maintain function or physiology of the sinuses, ciliary activity (that wipes out foreign substance from nose) and drainage of the sinuses. Thereby it helps clear the sinus infection. It is less manipulative, safe and complication is almost nil in expert hand.


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